545 JoRud 7.1 According to the World Health Organization, there have not been any infectious… 1 answer below »

545 JoRud 7.1

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According to the World Health Organization, there have not been any infectious disease outbreaks in the United States dating in the past two years (aside from the coronavirus and flu). There could be several reasons as to why there have not been any recent infectious disease outbreaks in the United States. One argument is that epidemiological diseases emerge in biodiverse areas, where transmission between wildlife and humans occurs (Daszak et al., 2021). The United States has many jurisdictional boundaries such as the CDC, FDA, USDA, US Fish and Wildlife Service, and US Geological Survey’s National Wildlife Health Center, which work together to detect microbial threats early on (Daszak et al., 2021).

From February to April of 2020, Mexico City had 124 confirmed cases of measles (World Health Organization, 2020). Since the measles outbreak took place at the height of the coronavirus, it received less attention because of what was going on. Health personnel had to consider additional factors such as COVID symptoms when dealing with measles cases. Key stakeholders such as vaccine distributors, health authorities, and patients may have been frustrated with the lack of preventative care at this time, given that this infectious disease is highly preventable with a vaccination. Despite the unique circumstances of this outbreak occurring at the same time as a global pandemic, this case in Mexico City lasted a normal duration. Typically a case of measles lasts anywhere from two to three months and occurs every two to three years, primarily affecting countries with low vaccination coverage (World Health Organization, 2020).

References

Daszak, P., Keusch, G. T., Phelan, A. L., Johnson, C. K., & Osterholm, M. T. (2021). Infectious disease threats: a rebound to resilience. Health Affairs, 40(2), 204—211.https://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2020.01544

World Health Organization. (2020).Measles — Mexico.https://www.who.int/csr/don/24-April-2020-measles-mexico/en/