5 main chapters of a dissertation

chapters of a dissertation
chapters of a dissertation

A dissertation is specifically a treatment written and submitted to achieve a doctorate degree and nursing essay has well elaborated chapters of a dissertation as well as the best guides of writing a dissertation

Guide to Dissertations

What is included in a dissertation?

Get a plagiarism free copy of this essay from our experts
5 main chapters of a dissertation
For as low as $13/Page
Order Now

Before you start crafting a dissertation, you need to understand its components. Usually, a thesis comprises of the following.

  • Title page
  • Declaration page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents
  • List of tables
  • List of figures
  • The core chapters
  • References
  • Appendix

You need to know that each university has its own style of writing a dissertation and, therefore, consult your supervisor to find out about the guideline you are supposed to use.

Steps to Complete a Dissertation

Thesis writing is a rigorous process, and the following are the steps to complete a dissertation.

Writing a foundation

A premise is a brief document regarding your research topic and the methods you are likely to use in your research. It entails a brief introduction and the research methodologies.

 Assignment of board

After the approval of your premise, you are assigned about three members of a research committee to guide you through the research process. At this stage, a doctoral student is given a prospectus to guide them on research writing.

Research proposal development

A dissertation proposal is made up of the first three chapters of the research process

  • Introduction
  • Literature review
  • Methods

In order for you to write a good suggestion, refer to a dissertation checklist for guidance and seek advice from your supervisors.

  Once a student feels that they are done working on the proposal, they are supposed to do self-evaluation through a dissertation checklist and Turn tin. After that, you are needed to surrender the document to your research committee for further assessment.

Review of the proposal by the university

If the proposal document is approved by the student’s supervisory committee, it is handed over to the appropriate department at the University for Inspection. If it is good, it is permitted to pave the way for the student’s oral performance.

Oral presentation

During the oral presentation, you are required to support your research work before the committee. The aim of this presentation is to approve the student’s investigation methods and to explain any concerns from the committee members.

If your proposal is approved at the defense level, you are given the authority to collect data. You may either collect primary or secondary data. The collection process may take between 1-2 months, depending on your sample size and the number of research questions used.

    Data analysis

Data collection

Once you are done with collecting all the data, you are supposed to clean it to exclude or rule out the presence of outliers. After that, data analysis is conducted using the appropriate software, such as SPSS.

Report writing

Report writing encompasses using the results to craft the rest of the chapters – chapters four and five.

University review and approval

Once you complete your dissertation report, you are supposed to present it to the University for Review, participate in oral presentation, approval, and make the final submission.

How to Write & Structure a Dissertation; a Complete Step by Step Guide

A dissertation is a very critical research paper that you have to write and submit as part of the requirements in acquiring a PhD, masters or bachelor’s degree. Due to its complexity, crafting it can be intimidating more so if you don’t know where to begin.  

It is important to note that how to structure a dissertation is based on different factors, like topic, geographical area, the university, and the subject of study. For example, if you are crafting a dissertation in experimental research, it should include sectors, like title page, introduction, literature review, methods, data analysis, and discussion of results, recommendation, and conclusion. It is also good to note that the order of these sections differs from one country to another or from school to school. For example, in some universities, the conclusion may appear before the discussion.

If you want to write a dissertation according to the suggested structure of your school, refer to your supervisor or refer to your department’s strategies.

Dissertation Writing Process

 Dissertation writing process begins from:

  • Topic selection
  • Research proposal writing and approval
  • Data collection
  • Data analysis
  • Discussion of research findings
  • Recommendations
  • Conclusion

If you want to be good in writing a dissertation, it is good to visit nursing essay website to have a look at various documents. Crafting is a difficult process and it needs a lot of patience during research of content from different sources. Reports show that most scholars begin the process very well but end up failing to finalize it due to various factors like inadequate time, few research funds and poor writing skills.

For you to write a good dissertation you have to develop a nice introduction. As you proceed with your dissertation, it is important to know the way you start your paper reveals a lot to your audience. Admirable opening remarks must include necessary aspects, like research topic, aim, limitation of the study and so many more.     

Chapters of a Dissertation

Chapter One – The Introduction

The introduction gives a climax of the research topic, the purpose of the study, and the significance of the research. Also, it shows the readers’ anticipations in the remaining part of the dissertation. An appealing introduction should have the following parts.

A research topic

Make sure that you give suitable background information to offer an overview of your research challenge. Also, you need to highlight past studies that are related to the issue you are currently examining.

 The scope of the study

In the opening remarks you have to tell your readers on what you are researching on, the area of study and your research timelines

Importance of the study

It is good to say clearly why the research is important and how it will be beneficial to different shareholders. You can as well highlight the practical aims that are convincing you to look for answers to your investigation questions.

 Existing research

Here you are required to review and seriously analyze studies that are linked to the topic you are dealing with. As you assess the previous research, make sure you only include those that are applicable to your problem.    

Research objectives and questions

The aim of the research is to show the reason as to why you are steering the study. Make sure the objectives you are using are assess able. If your school needs you to include the research questions, you can write them from the research aims and state them clearly. Confirm that the questions you use display the relationship between variables and can be tested empirically.  

    Overview of your dissertation structure

You need to present the outlines of your dissertation clearly so as to help your audience to have an idea of what to expect in the rest of the paper.  

Problem statement

Highlight the objective of the investigation if you need your problem statement to come out clearly then bring out explanations that can reveal the nature of the problem.

Chapter Two – Literature Review

Here you are supposed to evaluate every existing literature that is meaningful to the topic you are studying. Below are components of the literature review.   

Background information

As you review your paper, make sure you arrange previous studies in a sequence. Sequencing means you have to assess the documents based on the year they were published. In this case you may begin with the oldest year and finalize with the latest. From the reviews, highlight the major issues affecting your study and make sure that all the variables contain related information.  

 Relevant theories

In relevant theories you are required to submit an overview of the expectations that bring down your study. Before choosing the suitable representations for your research, assess competing theories and then legalize the academic foundation of your dissertation. It is important to describe how every theory relates to your research problem.  

Empirical literature

This refers to the past studies that are associated to the topic that is being investigated. Ensure you highlight the literature that communicates to the variable being researched on. Also talk over strong and weak points of the methodologies used in the past studies and show how you can expand them.   

Conceptual framework

Conceptual framework comes last after the literature reviews. The objective of this framework is to express the relationship between the various types of variables used in the study.

Chapter Three – Methods

After conducting literature reviews, you can now design your research approaches. In this chapter, you are supposed to show the research design you will use to do your study. Also, explain why you have chosen the design.

It is crucial to understand that the majority of the professors use the research methods to gauge the extent of the learners’ research skills. Therefore, as a researcher, it is essential to know which methods to use, why you are using them, and how to deploy them.

The following is an overview of important aspects in the methods.

Research design

Research design is a blueprint or a plan showing how you will conduct and complete your study. It is vital to note that the design you select is based on the type of research you are carrying out. For instance, a descriptive research design is usually used when you want to describe and explain the characteristics of study variables.

The following is a description of the commonly used designs.


This design is used to explain the characteristics of a particular phenomenon. You may use this approach when conducting a survey or a case study.

Correlational design

A correlational design is used when you want to establish the strength of a relationship existing between variables.

An experimental design is applicable when the intended research requires some practical experiments. These practices may be controlled, field, or quasi-experiments.



A review is a method that is applicable in an instance where you have no intention of conducting empirical research. The most commonly used reviews include systematic and literature reviews.

  Exploratory research design

Exploratory research design is used when you want to conduct a preliminary study to establish the exact nature of the problem to be addressed.


Ensure that you describe the procedures appropriately so that anyone can replicate your study if they want to do that. The methods used are based on the kind of research to be done. For instance, if you are carrying out a survey, ensure that you indicate aspects, such as the data collection method and the respondent’s consent.

Data analysis

Data analysis is conducted to test the research hypotheses. Before you analyze your data, clean it and then enter the statistical software, such as SPSS. After data entry, run the analysis, and check whether your research questions have been answered.

Chapter Four – Results

This chapter presents the findings arising from data analysis. Note that in this section, you are supposed to present and describe data but not to discuss them. It is essential to bear in mind that in some universities, you may be required to present and, at the same time, discuss the results.

The order of presentation is based on several aspects. For instance, first, you may use descriptive statistics, such as means and standard deviations. Second, in case you want to answer the hypotheses, it is advisable to present the results of statistical analyses.

It is vital to note that the presentation of results may be done using frequency tables, pie-charts, and graphs. Ensure that the tables and figures you use have sufficient information describing them, and place them in the right place after they are mentioned in the text.

Chapter Five – Discussion

In this chapter, results are interpreted and then compared to other past related studies. Also, limitations and suggestions for further research are presented here.

The following is a highlight of some of the sections used in this chapter.


In this section, you are supposed to summarize the findings and then discuss the results using simple terms that are non –statistical. Most importantly, you need to answer the research questions/hypotheses


Conclusions should be arranged using headings. Discuss the implications of your research findings and link your results to past studies. Also, connect the findings to the theories used in your research.

Moreover, it is crucial to show whether your outcomes are consistent or inconsistent with the previous studies. Moreover, indicate whether your findings support or disagree with the theories anchoring your study.


Limitations refer to weaknesses that are beyond the researcher’s control. Indicate the kind of handicap you are likely to experience in the course of your study.

 Recommendation for future research

After the discussion, it is vital to suggest for further studies to enable other researchers to conduct investigations based on your opinion.

Dissertation formatting

Formatting a dissertation is not a straight forward thing. A quite number of doctoral students find it hard to edit their thesis documents to conform to the right styles as per their college requirements.

If you want to get a high-quality dissertation format, it is crucial to contact professional writers for help. The following is a highlight of what this formatting entails.

  • Tables and figures are created or reformatted as per the required style
  • Table of contents, list of tables, and list of figures are automated
  • In-text citations and references are adjusted to conform to the style manual
  • The document is set based on margins, pagination, headers, running heads, etc.
  • Punctuations, fonts, indentation, and block quotes are put in order.

Dissertation Conclusion

A dissertation conclusion is a very important section in your dissertation. A quite number of investigators only read this part when reading such a document. The conclusion is a summary of your research findings presented based on the different variables in your study.

For you to attain your doctorate degree you have to complete the investigation process, theory, experimentation and writing of your dissertation. A dissertation is a document that sets forth proof of your unique thesis. Dissertations have to be complete and written for technical spectators and do not have to be exactly broad.     

Writing your dissertation will need you to use logical techniques. Logic techniques imply that you will begin with a hypothesis and later collect the confirmation that supports or disagrees with that hypothesis. The duty of the doctoral dissertation writing process is to collect and organize the pieces of evidence you collect into a systematic and presentable manner. The objective of a dissertation is establishing critical thinking skills but not presenting experimental data       

The application of dissertation is analyzing research, presenting concepts and affirming all lessons learned. Every statement in your dissertation should be supported by a reference to published scientific literature or by your own original work. A dissertation should not echo the details of the published sources critical thinking and analysis it should instead use the published work results as scientific fact that refer its readers as a source of extra detail.

The Best Dissertation Examples

If you are looking for dissertation examples, don’t go further than this. Visit Nursing essay website and evaluate a variety of excellent samples.   

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.