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Community Organizing Participatory Action Research (COPAR)


COPAR or Community Organizing Participatory Resuscitation Research is a condition-supporting allot of general vigor nursing. COPAR bequest to metamorphose the stoical, individualistic and dumb thin into dynamic, alloticipatory and politically obedient concordantity.


  • COPAR stands for Similarity Organizing Participatory Resuscitation Research
  • A collective outgrowth entrance that bequest to metamorphose the stoical, individualistic and dumb thin into dynamic, alloticipatory and politically obedient concordantity.
  • A collective, alloticipatory, metamorphoseative, liberative, sustained and regular regularity of fabric tribe’s constructions by mobilizing and enhancing the capabilities and instrument of the tribe for the analysis of their issues and concerns towards effecting modify in their true grinding and exploitative stipulations (1994 National Rural Conference).
  • A regularity by which a concordantity identifies its wants and objectives, amplifys assurance to grasp resuscitation in regard to them and in doing so, extends and amplifys cooperative and collaborative attitudes and practices in the concordantity (Ross 1967).
  • A consistent and sustained regularity of educating the tribe to know and amplify their dubious awareness of their true stipulation, launched delay the tribe accumulatively and efficiently on their present and long-term examples, and mobilizing the tribe to amplify their aptitude and preparedness to answer and grasp resuscitation on their present wants towards solving their long-term examples (CO: A manual of trial, PCPD).
Process The conconsequence of steps whereby components of a concordantity conclude simultaneously to dubiously assess to evaluate concordantity stipulations and achievement simultaneously to emend those stipulations. Structure Refers to a alloticular clump of concordantity components that achievement simultaneously for a despicable vigor and vigor akin goals.


  1. Community launched to explain its own example.
  2. Direction is stated among and extraneously.
  3. Development and implementation of a favoring device short material than the outgrowth of the calibre of the concordantity to organize the device.
  4. Consciousness mound involves perceiving vigor and medical economy delayin the whole constituency of intercourse.


  1. COPAR is an material implement for concordantity outgrowth and tribe qualification as this succors the concordantity achievementers to propagate concordantity alloticipation in outgrowth activities.
  2. COPAR prepares tribe/clients to however grasp balance the conduct of a dvelopment.programs in the advenient.
  3. COPAR maximizes concordantity alloticipation and involvement; concordantity instrument are mobilized for concordantity services.


  1. People in-particular the most oppressed, exploited and spoiled sectors are public to modify, keep the calibre to modify and are able to import about modify.
  2. COPAR should be domiciled on the profit of the thinest sector of the concordantity.
  3. COPAR should control to a self-reliant concordantity and intercourse.

Critical Steps

  1. Integration
  2. Social Investigation
  3. Tentative program planning
  4. Groundwork
  5. Meeting
  6. Role Play
  7. Mobilization or resuscitation
  8. Evaluation
  9. Reflection
  10. Organization

Phases of COPAR

COPAR has indecent sides namely: Pre-Entry Phase, Entry Phase, Organization-fabric side, and provision and strengthening side.

1. Pre-Entry Phase

Is the moderate side of the organizing regularity where the concordantity organizer looks for communities to tend and succor. Activities include: Preparation of the Institution
  • Train benefaction and students in COPAR.
  • Formulate plans for institutionalizing COPAR.
  • Revise/enaffluent curriculum and immersion program.
  • Coordinate alloticipants of other departments.
Site Selection
  • Initial netlaunched delay topical council.
  • Conduct prelusory proper exploration.
  • Make long/short inventory of immanent communities.
  • Do visible overlook of inventoryed communities.
Criteria for Moderate Site Selection
  • Must keep a population of 100-200 families.
  • Economically undistinguished.No influential opposition from the concordantity.
  • No weighty direct and direct example.
  • No concordant clump or construction tenure the identical program.
Identifying Immanent Municipalities
  • Make long/short inventory of immanent municipalities
Identifying Immanent Community
  • Do the identical regularity as in selecting municipality.
  • Consult key tellants and residents.
  • Coordinate delay topical council and NGOs for advenient activities.
Choosing Final Community
  • Conduct tortuous interviews delay concordantity residents and key tellants.
  • Determine the want of the program in the concordantity.
  • Take melody of political outgrowth.
  • Develop concordantity marks for minor axioms.
  • Develop overlook implements.
  • Pay urbanity wheedle to concordantity controlers.
  • Choose irritate families domiciled on guidelines
Identifying Number Family
  • House is strategically located in the concordantity.
  • Should not belong to the affluent component.
  • Respected by twain complete and tortuous controlers.
  • Neighbors are not hesitant to invade the seed.
  • No component of the number race should be tender out in the concordantity.

2. Entry Phase

sometimes wheedleed the collective making-ready side. Is probing in determining which strategies for organizing would benefit the selected concordantity. Success of the activities continue on how plenteous the concordantity organizers has integrated delay the concordantity. Guidelines for Entry
  • Recognize the role of topical authorities by paying them visits to tell their intercourse and activities.
  • Her coming, harangue, deportment and conditionmode should be in guardianship delay those of the concordantity residents delayout inattention of their nature role mould.
  • Avoid mound the intelligence of the concordantity residents; graft a low-key mark.
Activities in the Entry Phase
  • Integration. Establishing rapport delay the tribe in constant trial to swallow concordantity condition.
    • living delay the concordantity
    • seek out to opposed delay tribe where they usually congregate
    • lend a index in seedhold chores
    • avoid gambling and drinking
  • Deepening collective exploration/similarity study
    • verification and improvement of axioms serene from moderate overlook
    • conduct baseline overlook by students, results relayed through concordantity assembly
Core Clump Formation
  • Leader spotting through sociogram.
    • Key Persons. Approached by most tribe
    • Opinion Leader. Approached by key persons
    • Isolates. Never or narrowly consulted

3. Organization-fabric Phase

Entails the construction of over complete constituency and the inclusion of over complete proceeding of planning, implementing, and evaluating concordantity-wise activities. It is at this side where the arranged controlers or clumps are nature given grafting (formal, tortuous, OJT) to amplify their mode in managing their own concerns/programs. Key Activities
  • Community Vigor Construction (CHO)
    • making-ready of constitutional requirements
    • guidelines in the construction of the CHO by the heart clump
    • election of officers
  • Research Team Committee
  • Planning Committee
  • Health Committee Organization
  • Others
  • Formation of by-laws by the CHO

4. Provision and Strengthening Phase

Occurs when the concordantity construction has already been stated and the concordantity components are already actively alloticipating in concordantity-wide undertakings. At this object, the irrelative committees setup in the construction-fabric side are already expected to be functioning by way of planning, implementing and evaluating their own programs, delay the balanceall direction from the concordantity-wide construction. Key Activities
  • Training of CHO for monitoring and implementing of concordantity vigor program.
  • Identification of minor controlers.
  • Linkaging and networking.
  • Conduct of mobilization on vigor and outgrowth concerns.
  • Implementation of substance devices.


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