Buy a Nursing essay from nursingessays.us

Left your Nursing Assignment to the last minute? Let a qualified expert do your Nursing essay for you and deliver it before your deadline!

9.8
Buy Nursing essay Papers
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Computed Tomography (CT) Scan

Computed tomography (CT) examine, to-boot public as computerized axial tomography (CAT), or CT examinening computerized tomography is a disinclinationless, non-invasive sign imaging process that produces cross-sectional images of various images of structure not plainly seen on a unwritten X-ray. CT examines may be manufactured behindcited a while or behindcited a whileout dissimilarity moderation. A dissimilarity may either be an iodine-based or barium-sulfate mixture that is fascinated spokenly, rectally, or intravenously which can augment the probation of unfair structures, organs, or blood vessels. The continuance of the process procure rest on the area life examinened. The roles and responsibilities of a nurse apply throughout the undivided continuance of the CT examine process — from gate unrepining’s fact, obtaining public agree, preparing the unrepining, and providing teaching. To fix the insurance and truthfulness of the process, understand encircling the nursing interventions and concepts aback computed tomography (CT) examine.

Procedure

The protocol and processs for computed tomography (CT) examine varies per area but generally, the behindcitedcited steps are followed:
  1. The unrepining is postureed on an adjusconsultation consultation insidely an encircling association examinener (gantry); straps and pillows may be used to aid in maintaining the set-right posture.
  2. The unrepining may be instructed to await his exhalation during the examinening.
  3. A order of athwart radiographs are fascinated and recorded
  4. The instruction is reconstructed by a computer and selected images are photographed.
  5. Once the images are reviewed, an I.V. dissimilarity augmentment may be ordered and affixed images are obtained.
  6. The unrepining is assessed preservationfully for inoperative effects to the dissimilarity moderation.

Types

The behindcitedcited are the irrelative images of computed tomography (CT) examines:

Abdominal and pelvic

CT examine of the abdomen and pelvis combines radiologic and computer technology to determine the creator of unexplainpotent abdominal or pelvic pain and disorders of the bladder, uterus, liver, colon, inferior bowel, and other inside organs. Indication Abrecognized Results
  • Detects irritant process
  • Inspect luxurious structure and organs of the abdomen, pelvis and retroperitoneal space
  • Evaluates trauma
  • Helps in the staging of neoplasms
  • Detects edema, hemorrhage, cysts, and tooths
  • Measures capability to chemotherapy
  • Abscesses
  • Cysts
  • Obstructive disorder from a tumor or calculi
  • Primary and metastatic neoplasms

Bone and skeletal

Computed tomography (CT) examine of the curse is implied to get instruction and assess the tyranny of irrelative curse disorders and provisions such as fractures, cancer, and infection. Indication Abrecognized Results
  • Identify any elbow exceptionalities
  • Determine exceptionalities in the surpassing and inferior spine
  • Detect unsual locomotive curse formation
  • Establish the closeness and quantity of fractures, bandage, or tendon injuries, pristine curse tooths, skeletal metastases, and luxurious structure tooths
  • Bone fractures
  • Joint exceptionalities
  • Primary curse tooths
  • Soft-structure tooths
  • Skeletal metastasis

Brain

Also public as “cranial CT examine” or “Head CT”.  It is implied to get elaborate instruction on exigency injuries, stroke, brain tooths and other disorders feigning the brain. Indication Abrecognized Results
  • Identify intracranial  exceptionalities and lesions
  • Determine focal neurological exceptionalities
  • Guides brain surgery or biopsy of brain structure
  • Evaluate relationed exigency waste such as subdural  hematoma
  • Monitor the capability of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or surgery, as segregate of the treatment of intracranial tooths
  • Arteriovenous malformation
  • Cerebral atrophy
  • Cerebral edema
  • Congenital anomalies
  • Edema
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Intracranial tooths
  • Intracranial hematoma
  • Infarction

Cardiac calcium scoring 

The motive of a cardiac CT for calcium scoring is to unmask coronary artery disorder (CAD) at an future quality in individuals who do not yet own any symptoms but are at imperil for the disorder. Calcium Scoring is most repeatedly suggested for males elderly 45 years or older, and for females elderly 55 and balance. Indication Abrecognized Results
  • Identify closeness, and quantity of calcium buildup in the coronary arteries
  • Evaluates the imperil of atherosclerosis and coronary disposition disorder
  • Score of O: No plaque is confer-upon.
  • Score betwixt 1-10: a minimal whole of plaque is confer-upon.
  • Score betwixt 11-100: evidence of plaque is confer-upon. (Mild or minimal coronary narrowings).
  • Score betwixt 101 and 400: signifies dispassionate whole of calcified plaque in the arteries (an acceptiond imperil of MI)
  • Score >400: reveals liberal calcification and enumerateing narrowing of the arteries due to plaque

Ear

In CT examine of the ear, the radiologist is potent to diagnose provisions such as continuous otitis media, ear transmitted, cholesteatoma, conductive hearing waste, mastoiditis, and cochlear implants. Indication Abrecognized Results
  • Diagnose cochlear exceptionalities
  • Investigate ossification of the cochlea coils earlier to cochlear implantation
  • Depict osseous changes in the petrous and tempspoken curse
  • Determine the delayhold surgical and curative mode for unrepinings behindcited a while close and intermediate ear disorders
  • Evaluate postsurgical therapy of unrepinings behindcited a while intermediate and close ear disorders
  • Differentiate cholesteatoma from continuous inflammation
  • Evaluate the creator of bilateral hearing waste
  • Cochlear exceptionalities
  • Osseous changes of the apparent conference canal and intermediate and close ear structures
  • Tympanosclerosis

Liver and Biliary Tract

CT examine of the liver and biliary tract provides an in-depth instruction encircling the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and other cognate structures. Indication Abrecognized Results
  • Differentiate adverse and nonadverse jaundice
  • Detect intrahepatic tooths and abscesses, subphrenic and subhepatic abscesses, cysts, and hematomas
  • Biliary duct dilation
  • Calculi
  • Focal hepatic defects
  • Hepatic cysts
  • Hepatic abscesses
  • Neoplasms
  • Pancreatic carcinoma
  • Small lesions

Orbital

An pathal CT examine gets elaborate instruction encircling the eye sockets, eyes, and close curse structures. Indication Abrecognized Results
  • Identify the creator of unilateral exophthalmos
  • Assess pathologic provisions of the eye and path
  • Detect fractures of the path and contiguous structures
  • Encapsulated tooths (benevolent hemangiomas and meningiomas)
  • Early erosion or exposition of the medial pathal wall
  • Intracranial tooths (gliomas, meningiomas, and minor tooths)
  • Lymphomas and metastatic carcinomas
  • Space-occupying lesions in the path or paranasal sinuses
  • Space-occupying lesions
  • Thickening of the medial and lateral rectus muscles

Pancreas

CT examine of the pancreas may be adapted to diagnose cancer of the pancreas, and pancreatitis, and to irrelativeiate pancreatic problems and disorders of the retroperitoneum. Indication Abrecognized Results
  • Diagnose or evaluate pancreatitis
  • Identify pancreatic carcinoma or pseudocyst
  • Differentiate pancreatic disorders and retroperitoneum disorders
  • Acute and continuous pancreatitis
  • Abscesses
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Ascites
  • Biliary obstacles
  • Cystadenocarcinomas
  • Cystadenomas
  • Islet cell tooths
  • Metastases
  • Pancreatic carcinoma
  • Pseudocysts
  • Pleural effusion

Renal

A renal examine examines the structural and negotiative exceptionalities of the kidney. It is implied to unmask tooths, obstacles, and lesions. Indication Abrecognized Results
  • Identify and diagnose renal exceptionalities, such as calculi, obstacle, tooth, polycystic disorder, immanent anomalies, and exceptional running accumulation
  • Evaluate retroperitoneal pathologies
  • Abscesses
  • Calculi
  • Congenital anomalies
  • Hematomas
  • Kidney corruption or loss
  • Lymphoceles
  • Obstructions
  • Polycystic ilk disorder
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Renal cysts or concretiones
  • Vascular or adrenal tooths

Spinal

CT examine of the spine is manufactured to create insight in-reference-to the vertebrae and other spinal structures and structures. It is implied to unmask spinal cognate injuries and disorders of the spine. Indication Abrecognized Results
  • Diagnose lesions and exceptionalities of the spine
  • Detect or government out spinal loss in unrepinings behindcited a while waste
  • Monitor the results of spinal surgery or therapy
  • Spinal lesions and exceptionalities
  • Cervical spondylosis
  • Cervical continuity compression
  • Congenital spinal malformations (meningocele, myelocele, and spina bifida)
  • Degenerative processes and structural changes
  • Facet disorders
  • Fluid-filled arachnoidal and other paraspinal cysts
  • Herniated central-part pulposus
  • Lumbar stenosis
  • Meningioma
  • Neurinoma (schwannoma)
  • Spinal continuity compression
  • Spurring of the vertebrae
  • Vascular malformations

Thoracic

CT examine of the chest aids in determining the creator of an dim cough, fever, awkwardness of exhalation, chest disinclination, and other respiratory symptoms. It is recommended for screening of practicable lung cancer in its future, curpotent quality. Indication Abrecognized Results
  • Diagnose a partition or traverse of an aortic aneurysm or aortic arch aneurysm
  • Diagnose the encroachment of a neck concretion in the thorax
  • Differentiate emphysema or bronchopleural fistula from a lung abscess
  • Distinguish tooths close to the aorta from aortic aneurysms
  • Differentiate tooths from calcified lesions (signifies tuberculosis)
  • Detect the mediastinal lymph nodes
  • Assess pristine malignancy that may metastasize to the lungs, specially in the unrepining behindcited a while a pristine curse tooth, luxurious-structure sarcoma, or melanoma
  • Identify the quantity of lung disorders such as bronchiectasis, emphysema, and diluted interstitial lung disorder
  • Locate observed neoplasms (e.g., Hodgkin’s disorder), specially behindcited a while the mediastinal involvement
  • Plan radiation therapy
  • Accumulation of running, race, or fat
  • Aortic aneurysms
  • Cysts
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Nodules
  • Pleural effusion
  • Tumors

Contraindication

Computed tomography (CT) is contraimplied in:
  • Pregnant unrepining (insubject contraindication)
  • Patients behindcited a while a public allergy to iodine
  • Patients behindcited a while claustrophobia
  • Patients behindcited a while renal impairment cosmical the benefits outbalance the imperils
  • Patients behindcited a while hyperthyroidism or toxic goiter (risk thyrotoxic exigency)
  • Patients behindcited a while complications behindcited a prior government of a dissimilarity
  • Patients behindcited a while harsh fatness (usually further than 300 pounds)

Interfering Factors

  • Retained spoken or I.V. dissimilarity esthetic from prior sign studies may feign the probation of the images.
  • Metal objects including eyeglasses, dentures, jewelry, and hairpins

Nursing Responsibilities for CT Scan

The behindcitedcited are the nursing interventions and nursing preservation considerations for a unrepining undergoing computed tomography:

Before the process

The behindcitedcited are the nursing interventions anteriorly computed tomography:
  • Informed Consent. Obtain an public agree suitably identified.
  • Look for allergies. Assess for any fact of allergies to iodinated dye or shellfish if dissimilarity media is to be used.
  • Get bloom fact. Ask the unrepining encircling any late illnesses or other medical provisions and general medications life fascinated. The unfair image of CT examine determines the demand for an spoken or I.V. dissimilarity moderation
  • Check for NPO foothold. Instruct the unrepining to not to eat or imbibe for a bound whole of term specially if a dissimilarity esthetic procure be used.
  • Get balmy up. Instruct the unrepining to dou satisfied, loose-fitting investment during the exam.
  • Provide instruction encircling the dissimilarity moderation. Enumerate the unrepining that a placid momentary disinclination from the demandle pierce and a red perception from an I.V. dissimilarity moderation procure be conversant.
  • Instruct the unrepining to stay quiet. During the probation, enumerate the unrepining to stay quiet and to directly relation symptoms of lustful, awkwardness exhalationing or absorption, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and exigencyache.
  • Inform encircling the continuance of the process. Inform the unrepining that the process takes from five (5) minutes to one (1) hour resting on the image of CT examine and his ability to relent and stay quiet.

After the process

The encourage should be informed of these post-process nursing interventions behindcited computed tomography (CT) examine:
  • Diet as habitual. Instruct the unrepining to renew the habitual food and activities cosmical inadequately ordered.
  • Encourage the unrepining to acception running intake (if a dissimilarity is ardent). This is so to excite perspiration of the dye.

Normal Results

The behindcitedcited are the expected recognized results of computed tomography (CT) examine:
  • Specific image of CT examine reveals recognized findings
  • Normal findings on a CT examine pretences curse (which has the densest structure) shows as innocent areas. Tissues densities procure pretence as shades of frosty, and fat structure show as ebon or ebon frosty. Cerebrospinal running (has no structure) procure show as ebon. Air procure to-boot contemplate ebon and eboner than fat.

Abrecognized Results

The exceptional results of a computed tomography (CT) examine varies per area.
  • The unfair image of CT restent on the area of examine (see exceptional results over).

Questions?

Ask our team

Want to contact us directly? No problem. We are always here for you.

Frequently Asked Buy a Nursing essay Questions

See all
Is your service confidential?

When you place an order with our company, we ask you to provide us with such personal information as your name, phone number, and email address. We need this data to keep you updated on the important things related to your order or account, and never share it with any third parties. We also don’t use your contact details for spamming you.

Please note that our support team may contact you using only the phone number(s) stated on our website, such +1 (248) 599-2414 and/+44 (151) 528-2636. In order to secure our mutual cooperation, please do not communicate with those who introduce themselves as essaypapers support staff and reach you from different phone numbers.

Also, remember that we never ask you to provide your credit card information via phone conversations. You should enter this information only on PayPal or Gate2Shop billing forms when making an online payment on our website. The essaypapers support administrator will send a confirmation letter to your personal order page when your payment is received.

We also use a secure encrypted connection and do not store your private data if we do not need it anymore. For more details about how we ensure your confidentiality, check our Privacy Policy, which completely complies with the GDPR.

We offer original model papers that can be used legally in a number of ways if properly referenced:

  • As a source of arguments or ideas for your own research
  • As a source of additional understanding of the subject
  • Direct citing

Nonetheless, check your college’s/university’s policies, including their definition of plagiarism and paraphrasing before using our services. Make conscious decisions in regards to your education.

How do I order a paper from essaypapers?

We take care not only of your academic success, but also of your experience with us. That’s why we have made the process of placing your order as easy and fast as possible—usually, it takes no more than 2-3 minutes.

Let’s have a closer look at the simple steps you need to go through for submitting your order:

Fill in the order form.

Be sure to include specific instructions regarding your paper and to upload any of the required materials. If you have any questions while specifying your paper’s information, just click on the info sign at the end of every field name and you will see a detailed tip on what exact information is required.

Proceed with the payment.

After you are through with the order form, you will need to make a payment via a preferable system. Right after that, you will be automatically provided with your personal order page where you can track your order’s progress, provide additional requirements, and send messages to your writer or support manager.

A personal writer is assigned to your order.

Our qualified staff will choose the most suitable writer whose skills and experience match your field of study and paper’s details. In case the writer must have any particular software or literature in order to get the Nursing Assignment done, please do not forget to mention this in your initial instructions.

Your paper is completed and delivered to your personal order page.

When the writer finishes your paper, it is delivered to your personal order page as a PDF document, available for preview only. You will be able to download an editable MS Word version of the order right after you click the “Approve” button in the “Files” tab of your personal order page. If any changes are to be applied to the paper, you are always welcome to request a free revision with a new deadline for the writer (be sure to check more information about this in our revision policy).

You can check how easy the process is by going to the order page and submitting your paper details right now.

Is there a money-back guarantee? If yes, how can I receive a refund?

You can get more details about possible types and terms of refunds on our official money-back guarantee page.

How will I receive a completed paper?

You will get the first version of your paper in a non-editable PDF format within the deadline. You are welcome to check it and inform us if any changes are needed. If everything is okay, and no amendments are necessary, you can approve the order and download the .doc file. If there are any issues you want to change, you can apply for a free revision and the writer will amend the paper according to your instructions.

If there happen to be any problems with downloading your paper, please contact our support team.

What if I’m not satisfied with my order?

If your paper needs some changes, you can apply for a free revision that is available for 7 days after your paper is approved. To use this option, you have a “Revision” button on your personal page.

After the 7-day period, you cannot apply for a free revision, though you still can use a paid revision option. The price of such a revision will differ depending on the number of amendments needed to be done. Please contact our support team to find out how we can help you with the amendments to your paper.

If you think our writer didn’t manage to follow your instructions, and as a result, your paper is of poor quality, please contact us and we will do our best to solve the problem.

If the revisions didn’t give the desired result, you can apply for a refund. Our dispute department will process your inquiry to find out what kind of refund we can give you. To find out more, please visit our money-back guarantee page.

How do I request a refund?

You can’t apply for a refund on certain stages of your order, like when the order is not finished by the writer yet.

When the paper is delivered, the “Refund” button on your personal order page becomes clickable.

On the relevant tab of your personal order page, you will also be able to choose the type of refund you’re demanding and the reason why you applying for it. As soon as you do that, our dispute department will start working on your inquiry. All kinds of refunds concerning the quality or the lateness of your paper should be requested within 14 days from the time the paper was delivered, as in 14 days your paper, will be automatically approved.

Your inquiry should be submitted by clicking the “Refund” button on your personal order page only.

Order your essay today and save 15% with the discount code NURSINGHELP