Buy a Nursing essay from nursingessays.us

Left your Nursing Assignment to the last minute? Let a qualified expert do your Nursing essay for you and deliver it before your deadline!

9.8
Buy Nursing essay Papers
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Control of Diarrheal Diseases (CDD)

Management of the Patient with Diarrhea
A. No Dehydration
  • Condition – well, alert
  • Mouth and Tongue – moist
  • Eyes – normal
  • Thirst – drinks normally, not thirsty
  • Tears – present
  • Skin pinch – goes back quickly
  • TREATMENT PLAN A- HOME Treatment.
Three Rules for Home Treatment
  1. Give the child more fluids than usual
    • use home fluid such as cereal gruel
    • give ORESOL, plain water
  2. Give the child plenty of food to prevent under nutrition
    • continue to breastfeed frequently
    • if child is not breastfeed, give usual milk
    • if child is less than 6 months and not yet taking solid food, dilute milk for 2 days
    • if child is 6 months or older and already taking solid food, give cereal or other starchy food mixed with vegetables, meat or fish; give fresh fruit juice or mashed banana to provide potassium; feed child at least 6 times a day. After diarrhea stops, give an extra meal each day for two weeks.
  3. Take the child to the health worker if the child does not get better in 3 days or develops any of the following:
    • many watery stools
    • repeated vomiting
    • marked thirst
    • eating or drinking poorly
    • fever
    • blood in the stool
Oresol Treatment
 Age  Amount of ORS to give after each loose stool
 Amount of ORS to provide for use at home
 < 24 months  50-100 ml  500 ml/day
 2-10 years  100- 200 ml  1000 ml/day
 10 years up  As much as wanted  2000 ml/day
B. Some Dehydration
  • Condition – restless, irritable
  • Mouth and Tongue – dry
  • Eyes – sunken
  • Thirst – thirsty, drinks eagerly
  • Tears – absent
  • Skin pinch – goes back slowly
  • WEIGH PT, TTT. PLAN B
Approximate amount of ORS to give in 1st 4 hours
 Age  Weight (kg)  ORS (ml)
 4 months  5  200- 400
 4- 11 months  5- 7.9  400- 600
 12-23 months  8- 10.9  600- 800
 2-4 yrs.  11- 15.9  800- 1200
 5-14 yrs.  16- 29.9  1200- 2200
 15 yrs. up  30 up  2200- 4000
  1. If the child wants more ORS than shown, give more
  2. Continue breastfeeding
  3. For infants below 6 mos. who are not breastfeed, give 100-200 ml clean water during the period
  4. For a child less than 2 years give a teaspoonful every 1-2 min.
  5. If the child vomits, wait for 10 min, then continue giving ORS, 1 tbsp/2-3 min
  6. If the child’s eyelids become puffy, stop ORS, give plain water or breast milk, Resume ORS when puffiness is gone
  7. If ( -) signs of DHN- shift to Plan A
Use of Drugs during Diarrhea
  • Antibiotics should only be used for dysentery and suspected cholera
  • Antiparasitic drugs should only be used for amoebiasis and giardiasis
C. Severe Dehydration
  • Condition – lethargic or unconscious; floppy
  • Eyes – very sunken and dry
  • Tears – absent
  • Mouth and tongue – very dry
  • Thirst- drinks poorly or not able to drink
  • Skin pinch – goes back very slowly
  • Treatment PLAN C- treat quickly
  1. Bring pt. to hospital
  2. IVF – Lactated Ringers Solution or Normal Saline
  3. Re-assess pt. Every 1-2 hrs
  4. Give ORS as soon as the pt. can drink
Role of Breastfeeding in the Control of Diarrheal Diseases Program
Two problems in CDD
  1. High child mortality due to diarrhea
  2. High diarrhea incidence among under fives
  • Highest incidence in age 6 – 23 months
  • Highest mortality in the first 2 years of life
  • Main causes of death in diarrhea :
    • Dehydration
      • To prevent dehydration, give home fluids “am” as soon as diarrhea starts and if dehydration is present, rehydrate early, correctly and effectively by giving ORS
    • Malnutrition
      • For under nutrition, continue feeding during diarrhea especially breastfeeding.
 Interventions to prevent diarrhea
  1. breastfeeding
  2. improved weaning practices
  3. use of plenty of clean water
  4. hand washing
  5. use of latrines
  6. proper disposal of stools of small children
  7. measles immunization
Breastfeeding
    1. Risk of severe diarrhea 10-30x higher in bottle fed infants than in breastfed infants. 2. Advantages of breastfeeding in relation to CDDa. Breast milk is sterile b. Presence of antibodies protection against diarrhea c. Intestinal Flora in BF infants prevents growth of diarrhea causing bacteria.3. Breastfeeding decreases incidence rate by 8-20% and mortality by 24- 27% in infants under 6 months of age. 4. When to wean?
  • 4-6 months – soft mashed foods 2x a day
  • 6 months – variety of foods 4x a day
Summary of WHO-CDD recommended strategies to prevent diarrhea
    1. Improved Nutrition
  • Exclusive breastfeeding for the first 4-6 months of life and partially for at least one year.
  • Improved weaning practices
2. Use of safe water
  • collecting plenty of water from the cleanest source
  • protecting water from contamination at the source and in the home
3. Good personal and domestic hygiene
  • handwashing
  • use of latrines
  • proper disposal of stools of young children
4. Measles immunization

Questions?

Ask our team

Want to contact us directly? No problem. We are always here for you.

Frequently Asked Buy a Nursing essay Questions

See all
Is your service confidential?

When you place an order with our company, we ask you to provide us with such personal information as your name, phone number, and email address. We need this data to keep you updated on the important things related to your order or account, and never share it with any third parties. We also don’t use your contact details for spamming you.

Please note that our support team may contact you using only the phone number(s) stated on our website, such +1 (248) 599-2414 and/+44 (151) 528-2636. In order to secure our mutual cooperation, please do not communicate with those who introduce themselves as essaypapers support staff and reach you from different phone numbers.

Also, remember that we never ask you to provide your credit card information via phone conversations. You should enter this information only on PayPal or Gate2Shop billing forms when making an online payment on our website. The essaypapers support administrator will send a confirmation letter to your personal order page when your payment is received.

We also use a secure encrypted connection and do not store your private data if we do not need it anymore. For more details about how we ensure your confidentiality, check our Privacy Policy, which completely complies with the GDPR.

We offer original model papers that can be used legally in a number of ways if properly referenced:

  • As a source of arguments or ideas for your own research
  • As a source of additional understanding of the subject
  • Direct citing

Nonetheless, check your college’s/university’s policies, including their definition of plagiarism and paraphrasing before using our services. Make conscious decisions in regards to your education.

How do I order a paper from essaypapers?

We take care not only of your academic success, but also of your experience with us. That’s why we have made the process of placing your order as easy and fast as possible—usually, it takes no more than 2-3 minutes.

Let’s have a closer look at the simple steps you need to go through for submitting your order:

Fill in the order form.

Be sure to include specific instructions regarding your paper and to upload any of the required materials. If you have any questions while specifying your paper’s information, just click on the info sign at the end of every field name and you will see a detailed tip on what exact information is required.

Proceed with the payment.

After you are through with the order form, you will need to make a payment via a preferable system. Right after that, you will be automatically provided with your personal order page where you can track your order’s progress, provide additional requirements, and send messages to your writer or support manager.

A personal writer is assigned to your order.

Our qualified staff will choose the most suitable writer whose skills and experience match your field of study and paper’s details. In case the writer must have any particular software or literature in order to get the Nursing Assignment done, please do not forget to mention this in your initial instructions.

Your paper is completed and delivered to your personal order page.

When the writer finishes your paper, it is delivered to your personal order page as a PDF document, available for preview only. You will be able to download an editable MS Word version of the order right after you click the “Approve” button in the “Files” tab of your personal order page. If any changes are to be applied to the paper, you are always welcome to request a free revision with a new deadline for the writer (be sure to check more information about this in our revision policy).

You can check how easy the process is by going to the order page and submitting your paper details right now.

Is there a money-back guarantee? If yes, how can I receive a refund?

You can get more details about possible types and terms of refunds on our official money-back guarantee page.

How will I receive a completed paper?

You will get the first version of your paper in a non-editable PDF format within the deadline. You are welcome to check it and inform us if any changes are needed. If everything is okay, and no amendments are necessary, you can approve the order and download the .doc file. If there are any issues you want to change, you can apply for a free revision and the writer will amend the paper according to your instructions.

If there happen to be any problems with downloading your paper, please contact our support team.

What if I’m not satisfied with my order?

If your paper needs some changes, you can apply for a free revision that is available for 7 days after your paper is approved. To use this option, you have a “Revision” button on your personal page.

After the 7-day period, you cannot apply for a free revision, though you still can use a paid revision option. The price of such a revision will differ depending on the number of amendments needed to be done. Please contact our support team to find out how we can help you with the amendments to your paper.

If you think our writer didn’t manage to follow your instructions, and as a result, your paper is of poor quality, please contact us and we will do our best to solve the problem.

If the revisions didn’t give the desired result, you can apply for a refund. Our dispute department will process your inquiry to find out what kind of refund we can give you. To find out more, please visit our money-back guarantee page.

How do I request a refund?

You can’t apply for a refund on certain stages of your order, like when the order is not finished by the writer yet.

When the paper is delivered, the “Refund” button on your personal order page becomes clickable.

On the relevant tab of your personal order page, you will also be able to choose the type of refund you’re demanding and the reason why you applying for it. As soon as you do that, our dispute department will start working on your inquiry. All kinds of refunds concerning the quality or the lateness of your paper should be requested within 14 days from the time the paper was delivered, as in 14 days your paper, will be automatically approved.

Your inquiry should be submitted by clicking the “Refund” button on your personal order page only.

Order your essay today and save 15% with the discount code NURSINGHELP