Buy a Nursing essay from

Left your Nursing Assignment to the last minute? Let a qualified expert do your Nursing essay for you and deliver it before your deadline!

Buy Nursing essay Papers
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Mammography (Mammogram)

Mammography is an X-ray demonstration of the confronts that can unmask cysts or tumors unmaterial during a material demonstration. A biopsy of an area of mistrust may be needed to strengthen malignity. Mammography may thrive mitigateing procedures, such as ultrasonography or thermography. There are two uses of mammogram (screening and cue). A screening mammogram is used to mitigate for unsuspected conface cancer in women behind a time no signs or symptoms. It usually involves two x-ray images of each conface to unmask tumors or feeble calcifications behind a timein the conface texture. Time a cue mammogram is used to diagnose conface cancer in a enduring behind a time a mitigated hunk or other signs such as conface pain, nipple dismiss, densification of conface peel, or abrupt vary in conface mould or extent. It is also utilized to prove conface monstrousities root during a mitigateing mammogram and in such cases for endurings behind a time conface implants since it provides a past specific x-ray of the conface than using a mitigateing mammogram. Although mammography can unmask 90-95 % of conface cancers, this cupel produces divers false-positive consequences. The American College of Radiologist, American Cancer Society, and the National Cancer Institue suggests that women should prepare mitigateing mammogram at age 40 per-annum for women behind a time mean miss time eminenter-miss women should rouse precedent and may good from subordinate mitigateing modalities. Nurses keep weighty responsibilities in accessory endurings during mammography by providing notice encircling conface ailment and conface demonstration, providing moving stay, and coordinating behind a time other bloomanxiety especialists for prefer cue and laboratory cupel. This consider influence can succor nurses perceive their tasks and responsibilities during mammography.


The thriveing are the irrelative types and advances in mammography:
  • Full-field digital mammography (FFDM). Also public as digital mammography, is produced in the selfselfsame fashion as usual mitigate-film mammography (SFM). The variety is that FFDM images are produced by digital signals rather than from the transmitted x-ray film as behind a time (SFM). The images of the conface are proved on a computer instructor or printed on a eespecial film.
  • Computer-aided unmaskion (CAD) method. Uses software to exploration images from SFM or FFDM for monstrous areas of conface texture evidenced by stolidness, monstrous extent, or calcifications that may devoicelessness the influence of cancer. Monstrous areas are “marked” for prefer reconsideration by a radiologist.
  • Three-dimensional (3-D) conface imaging or conface tomosynthesis. Uses equipment that rotates in an arc balance the conface instead of the quiescent method used in usual SFM. The 3-D equipment produces lean slices of the conface from a grand estimate of angles that produce clearer images, specially of stolid conface texture.


Mammography is generally denoted to:
  • Differentiate among benign conface ailment and conface cancer
  • Investigate conface aversion, nipple puff, nipple dismiss
  • Evaluate material and unmaterial conface masses
  • Screen for baleful conface tumors
  • Monitor virtue of conface radiation therapy
  • Evaluate inconsistent conface thriveing mastectomy


These are the contraindications for the progress:
  • Pregnant women, uniformtual the possible goods of a progress using radiation outbalance the misss of maternal and fetal damage
  • Patients younger than age 25 or endurings behind a time very stolid conface texture

Interfering Factors

These are factors or provisions that may remodel the product of the consider
  • Application of substances such as antiperspirants (deodorants), talcum interlard, lotions or creams to the underarm and conface area that may quarrel behind a time the foresight of the consequences
  • Failure to transfer sharp objects and dress
  • Previous conface surgery, locomotive lactation, and glandular conface (spiritless in women age 30 adown), which can desire the description of the images
  • Breast implants which may nullify generous visualization of the confront
  • Inability to succor or stay quiescent during the progress due to age, bloom circumstances, or unsubstantial status


A mammography is produced on an outenduring reason and the regular progress is as thrives:

  1. Prepare the enduring.

    The enduring stands and is asked to pause one conface on a board over an X-ray cassette.

  2. Technician locates conface onto summarizeion platter.

    The summarizeion platter is located on the conface and the enduring is told to rest her met. A radiograph is smitten of the craniocaudal experimentimony. The medium is rotated, the conface is housed continually, and a radiograph of the incidental experimentimony is smitten.

  3. Repeat progress on other confront.

    The progress is continual on the inconsistent confront.

  4. Retestimony if films are true

    After the films are open, they are checked to fashion knowing they’re true.

Nursing Responsibility 

The thriveing are the nursing interventions and nursing anxiety considerations for a enduring denoted for mammography:

Before the progress

The thriveing are the nursing interventions precedent to mammography:
  • Explain the progress and what to foresee behind. Tell the enduring who gain effect the cupel and where it gain transfer locate. Acquaint the enduring that although the cupel transfers simply encircling 15 minutes to effect, she may be asked to halt time the films are checked to fashion knowing they are readable. Advise her that there’s a eminent blame of false-positive consequences.
  • Allow the enduring to pointed concerns and fears encircling the progress. Assess the enduring’s perceiveing of the progress, apology any questions, and redress any misconceptions.
  • Remove obtrusive factors. Instruct the enduring to eschew using underarm deodorant or interlard on the day of the demonstration.
  • Schedule a important technologist on a enduring behind a time conface implants. If the enduring has conface implants, declare him/her to acquaint the staff when he/she schedules the mammogram so that a technologist common behind a time imaging implants is on part.
  • Prepare the enduring. Just anteriorly the cupel, impart the enduring a gown to hollow that opens in the face, and ask her to transfer all jewelry and dress over the waist.

During the progress 

The thriveing are the nursing interventions during mammography:
  • Assist behind a time enduring poseing. Locate enduring in a be or sitting pose in face of the X-ray medium, which is adjusted to the roll of the confront. Locate the enduring’s contention out of the ramble of the area to be imaged.
  • Tell the enduring that some disagreeableness may be felt. Pain/disagreeableness may be caused by the presknowing required to summarize the conface texture continuallyst the X-ray platter.
  • Advise the enduring to succor perfectly and thrive directions. Instruct enduring to stay quiescent throughout the progress since move produces untrue consequences. Ask the enduring to rest met time the x-ray films are nature smitten.

After the progress

The nurse should voicelessness of the thriveing nursing interventions behind:
  • Provide notice encircling the availability of the consequences. Acquaint the enduring a rumor of the findings gain be impartn to the requesting physician, who gain debate the consequences behind a time the enduring.
  • Reinforce the notice impartn by the enduring’s HCP. Assist the enduring in arranging an attached cupel, therapy, or referral to another HCP if an monstrousity is root.

Normal Results

Normal findings in mammography gain show:
  • Normal conface texture, behind a time an nonproduction of cysts, tumors, or calcification

Abusual Results

Abnormalities in mammography gain reveal:
  • Breast abscesses or cysts
  • Breast tumors
  • Breast calcifications
  • Hematoma consequenceing from trauma
  • Mastitis (inflammation of conface texture)
  • Soft texture masses
  • Vascular calcification (feeble calcium protection behind a timein conface texture)


Images cognate to mammography:


Additional resources and references for mammography:
  1. Anne M. Van Leeuwen, Mickey Lynn Bladh. Laboratory & Cue Tests behind a time Nursing Implications: Davis’s
  2. Bird, R. E., Wallace, T. W., & Yankaskas, B. C. (1992). Analysis of cancers missed at mitigateing mammography. Radiology184(3), 613-617.
  3. Kerlikowske, K., Grady, D., Rubin, S. M., Sandrock, C., & Ernster, V. L. (1995). Efficacy of mitigateing mammography: a meta-analysis. Jama273(2), 149-154.
  4. Nyström, L., Wall, S., Rutqvist, L. E., Lindgren, A., Lindqvist, M., Ryden, S., … & Tabar, L. (1993). Conface cancer mitigateing behind a time mammography: balancetestimony of Swedish randomised trials. The Lancet341(8851), 973-978.
  5. Suzanne C. Smeltzer. Brunner & Suddarth’s Handbook of Laboratory and Cue Tests: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins


Ask our team

Want to contact us directly? No problem. We are always here for you.

Frequently Asked Buy a Nursing essay Questions

See all
Is your service confidential?

When you place an order with our company, we ask you to provide us with such personal information as your name, phone number, and email address. We need this data to keep you updated on the important things related to your order or account, and never share it with any third parties. We also don’t use your contact details for spamming you.

Please note that our support team may contact you using only the phone number(s) stated on our website, such +1 (248) 599-2414 and/+44 (151) 528-2636. In order to secure our mutual cooperation, please do not communicate with those who introduce themselves as essaypapers support staff and reach you from different phone numbers.

Also, remember that we never ask you to provide your credit card information via phone conversations. You should enter this information only on PayPal or Gate2Shop billing forms when making an online payment on our website. The essaypapers support administrator will send a confirmation letter to your personal order page when your payment is received.

We also use a secure encrypted connection and do not store your private data if we do not need it anymore. For more details about how we ensure your confidentiality, check our Privacy Policy, which completely complies with the GDPR.

We offer original model papers that can be used legally in a number of ways if properly referenced:

  • As a source of arguments or ideas for your own research
  • As a source of additional understanding of the subject
  • Direct citing

Nonetheless, check your college’s/university’s policies, including their definition of plagiarism and paraphrasing before using our services. Make conscious decisions in regards to your education.

How do I order a paper from essaypapers?

We take care not only of your academic success, but also of your experience with us. That’s why we have made the process of placing your order as easy and fast as possible—usually, it takes no more than 2-3 minutes.

Let’s have a closer look at the simple steps you need to go through for submitting your order:

Fill in the order form.

Be sure to include specific instructions regarding your paper and to upload any of the required materials. If you have any questions while specifying your paper’s information, just click on the info sign at the end of every field name and you will see a detailed tip on what exact information is required.

Proceed with the payment.

After you are through with the order form, you will need to make a payment via a preferable system. Right after that, you will be automatically provided with your personal order page where you can track your order’s progress, provide additional requirements, and send messages to your writer or support manager.

A personal writer is assigned to your order.

Our qualified staff will choose the most suitable writer whose skills and experience match your field of study and paper’s details. In case the writer must have any particular software or literature in order to get the Nursing Assignment done, please do not forget to mention this in your initial instructions.

Your paper is completed and delivered to your personal order page.

When the writer finishes your paper, it is delivered to your personal order page as a PDF document, available for preview only. You will be able to download an editable MS Word version of the order right after you click the “Approve” button in the “Files” tab of your personal order page. If any changes are to be applied to the paper, you are always welcome to request a free revision with a new deadline for the writer (be sure to check more information about this in our revision policy).

You can check how easy the process is by going to the order page and submitting your paper details right now.

Is there a money-back guarantee? If yes, how can I receive a refund?

You can get more details about possible types and terms of refunds on our official money-back guarantee page.

How will I receive a completed paper?

You will get the first version of your paper in a non-editable PDF format within the deadline. You are welcome to check it and inform us if any changes are needed. If everything is okay, and no amendments are necessary, you can approve the order and download the .doc file. If there are any issues you want to change, you can apply for a free revision and the writer will amend the paper according to your instructions.

If there happen to be any problems with downloading your paper, please contact our support team.

What if I’m not satisfied with my order?

If your paper needs some changes, you can apply for a free revision that is available for 7 days after your paper is approved. To use this option, you have a “Revision” button on your personal page.

After the 7-day period, you cannot apply for a free revision, though you still can use a paid revision option. The price of such a revision will differ depending on the number of amendments needed to be done. Please contact our support team to find out how we can help you with the amendments to your paper.

If you think our writer didn’t manage to follow your instructions, and as a result, your paper is of poor quality, please contact us and we will do our best to solve the problem.

If the revisions didn’t give the desired result, you can apply for a refund. Our dispute department will process your inquiry to find out what kind of refund we can give you. To find out more, please visit our money-back guarantee page.

How do I request a refund?

You can’t apply for a refund on certain stages of your order, like when the order is not finished by the writer yet.

When the paper is delivered, the “Refund” button on your personal order page becomes clickable.

On the relevant tab of your personal order page, you will also be able to choose the type of refund you’re demanding and the reason why you applying for it. As soon as you do that, our dispute department will start working on your inquiry. All kinds of refunds concerning the quality or the lateness of your paper should be requested within 14 days from the time the paper was delivered, as in 14 days your paper, will be automatically approved.

Your inquiry should be submitted by clicking the “Refund” button on your personal order page only.

Order your essay today and save 15% with the discount code NURSINGHELP