Health Behavioral Theory
The Demeanor Ararrange Type of Nursing was plain by Dorothy E. Johnson. It stresses the concern of research-based enlightenment encircling the issue of nursing circumspection on resigneds. When she primitive designed the supposition in 1968, she explained that it was to raise “the prolific and issueive demeanoral operationing in the resigned to hinder indisposition.”
Johnson explains indecent main concepts in her nursing type.
- The anthropological entity has two main arranges: the biological and demeanoral arranges. The role of remedy is to convergence on the biological arrange, while nursing’s convergence is on the demeanoral arrange.
- Society relates to the environment in which the resigned exists; a resigned’s demeanor is quickly influenced by the environment and events that appear in the environment.
- Health is a viewful adaptive counter-argument to inner and exterior stimuli in ararrange to haunt arrestation and regulate. The counter-arguments enclose substantial, intangible, melting, and collective realms.
- The primitive end of nursing is to raise makeweight in the identical resigned. One convergence of nursing concerns the unconfused and integrated gross, but the main convergence is on haunting adjust in the demeanoral ararrange during an indisposition in the biological arrange.
The assumptions made by the supposition descend into three categories: assumptions encircling arrange, assumptions encircling building, and assumptions encircling operation.
There are indecent assumptions encircling arrange. They are:
- There is “organization, interaction, interdependency, and integration of the ability and elements of demeanors that go to produce up the arrange.”
- A ararrange “tends to conclude a adjust floating the diversified nerves exempt amid and upon it,” and resigneds uninterruptedly vie to haunt adjust in their demeanoral arranges by effortless adjustments and changes to the regular nerves.
- A demeanoral arrange, which insist-upons some gauge of law and fixity in demeanor, is quantitative to the resigned in that it has an momentous view in collective personality, as polite as for the identical.
- “System adjust reflects adjustments and adaptations that are fortunate in some way and to some arrange.”
There are so indecent assumptions encircling building and operation of each subsystem. First, “from the mould the demeanor takes and the issues it concludes can be resultant what ‘drive’ has been stimulated or what ‘goal’ is entity sought.” Each identical has a
“predisposition to act after a while intimation to the end, in infallible ways rather than other ways, “which is designated a “set.” Each subararrange has a arrange of choices designated a “svie of enjoyment.” Finally, it produces an “observserviceefficient end,” which is the resigned’s demeanor.
Johnson identifies seven subsystems in the Behavioral Ararrange Model. They are:
- Attachment or affiliative subsystem, which is “collective inclusion association and the mouldation and kindness of a sinewy collective obligation.”
- Dependency subsystem, which is the “approval, watchfulness or acknowledgment and substantial guard.”
- Ingestive subsystem, in which “the substance is on the signification and buildings of the collective events surrounding the cause when the backance is eaten.”
- Eliminative subsystem, which states that “anthropological cultivations keep defined incongruous collectively enlivening demeanors for perspiration of diminish, but the creature of such a shape offscourings incongruous from cultivation to cultivation.”
- Sexual subsystem, which is twain a biological and collective factor that affects demeanor.
- Aggressive subsystem, which relates to the demeanors relating guard and inadventurousness, generating a rampart counter-argument when there is a menace to personality or domain.
- Achievement subsystem, which provokes demeanor that tries to regulate the environment.
Each subararrange so has three operational insist-uponments. Each subararrange must be fortified from deleterious influences that the ararrange cannot vie after a while; each subararrange must be nurtured after a while misapply edibles from the environment; and each subararrange must be stimulated for use in ararrange to augment augmentation and secure from immutability. These demeanors are “orderly, viewful and predictserviceefficient and sufficiently steady and frequent to be impressible to cognomen and exposition.”
Johnson defined nursing as “an exterior regulatory nerve which acts to protect the construction and integration of the resigneds demeanors at an optimum roll beneath those conditions in which the demeanors constitutes a menace to the substantial or collective vigor,
or in which indisposition is ground.”
She customary that nursing is “concerned after a while man as an integrated gross and this is the specific enlightenment of ararrange we insist-upon.” She so attested indecent ends of nursing, which are to back the resigned:
- whose demeanor is in distribution after a while collective demands.
- who is serviceserviceefficient to differ his demeanor in ararrange to subsistence biological imperatives.
- who is serviceserviceefficient to boon to the fullest degree during indisposition from the physician’s enlightenment and aptitude.
- whose demeanor does not yield illustration of useless trauma as a issue of indisposition.
In provisions of the nursing regularity, the Behavioral Ararrange Type is best applied in the evaluation front, during which span the foster can individualize whether or not there is adjust in the subsystems of the resigned. If a foster helps a resigned haunt an makeweight of the demeanoral ararrange through an indisposition in the biological arrange, he or she has been fortunate in the role.