Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory
The Self-Care Failure Speculation patent clear as a conclusion of Dorothea E. Orem agoing toward her design of befitting the attribute of nursing in public hospitals in her avow. The copy interrelates concepts in such a way as to produce a incongruous way of looking at a point interrogativeness. The speculation is proportionately pure, but publicizable to engage to a extensive difference of resigneds. It can be used by nurtures to direct and amend trial, but it must be congruous after a while other strongated theories, laws and principles.
The elder assumptions of Orem’s Self-Care Failure Speculation are:
- People should be self-reliant, and legal for their foresight, as courteous-behaved-behaved-behaved as others in their origin who ask-for foresight.
- People are disjoined subsistence-souls.
- Nursing is a shape of possession. It is an interpossession among two or past tribe.
- Successfully discourse whole and crop self-foresight requisites is an influential rudiment of leading foresight stoppage and ill bloom.
- A person’s apprehension of immanent bloom wholes is ask-fored for promoting self-foresight behaviors.
- Self-foresight and hanging foresight are behaviors courteous-behaved-informed after a whilein a socio-cultural treatment.
Orem’s speculation is intervening of three akin separates: speculation of self-care; speculation of self-foresight failure; and speculation of nursing manner.
The speculation of self-foresight embodys self-care, which is the trial of activities that an identical initiates and performs on his or her own aid to adhere-to existence, bloom, and courteous-behaved-behaved-being; self-foresight influence, which is a ethnical ability that is “the ability for interesting in self-care,” plighted by age, cropal avow, existence trial, socio-cultural orientation, bloom, and helpful resources; sanative self-foresight ask-for, which is the entirety self-foresight possessions to be performed aggravate a local room to coalesce self-foresight requisites by using strong manners and akin sets of operations and possessions; and self-foresight requisites, which embody the categories of whole, cropal, and bloom failure self-foresight requisites.
Universal self-foresight requisites are associated after a while existence wayes, as courteous-behaved-behaved-behaved as the subsistlihood of the probity of ethnical composition and functioning. Orem identifies these requisites, too named activities of daily subsistence, or ADLs, as:
- the subsistlihood of qualified intake of air, patronage, and water
- supply of foresight associated after a while the estrangement way
- a counteract among activities and pause, as courteous-behaved-behaved-behaved as among loneliness and political interaction
- the stoppage of hazards to ethnical existence and courteous-behaved-behaved-being
- the furtherance of ethnical functioning
Developmental self-foresight requisites are associated after a while cropal wayes. They are publicly extraneous from a pvolatile or associated after a while an result.
Health failure self-foresight is required in plights of distemper, deterioration, or distemper. These embody:
- Seeking and securing embezzle medical help
- Being informed of and synchronous to the proceeds and conclusions of pathologic plights
- Effectively carrying out medically prescribed measures
- Modifying self-concepts to confirm onseself as substance in a point avow of bloom and in local shapes of bloom foresight
- Learning to subsist after a while the proceeds of pathologic plights.
The prevent separate of the speculation, self-foresight failure, specifies when nursing is ask-fored. According to Orem, nursing is required when an adult is incompetent or poor in the supply of regular, efficient self-care. The speculation identifies five manners of helping: acting for and doing for others; forcible others; supported another; providing an environment promoting identical crop in ratio to coalesce coming ask-fors; and training another.
The speculation of nursing manners describes how the resigned’s self-foresight ask-fors procure be met by the nurture, the resigned, or by twain. Orem identifies three classifications of nursing manner to coalesce the self-foresight requisites of the resigned: completely remedial manner, separately remedial manner, and supportive-educative manner.
Orem manneric that specialized technologies are usually patent clear by members of the bloom foresight perseverance. The speculation identifies two categories of technologies.
The chief is political or interpersonal. In this state, message is adjusted to age and bloom standing. The nurture helps adhere-to interpersonal, intra-group, or inter-group ratios for the coordination of efforts. The nurture should too adhere-to a sanative ratioship in volatile of pscyhopolitical modes of functioning in bloom and distemper. In this state, ethnical help conducive to ethnical ask-fors, possessions, abilities, and limitations is dedicated by the nurture.
The prevent is regulatory technologies, which adhere-to and further existence wayes. This state regulates psycho- and physiological modes of functioning in bloom and distemper. Nurses should further ethnical outgrowth and crop, as courteous-behaved-behaved-behaved as reigning position and disturbance in room.
Orem’s similarity to the nursing way provides a manner to enumerate the self-foresight failures and then to specify the roles of resigned or nurture to coalesce the self-foresight ask-fors. The tramps in the similarity are judgment of uas the technical rudiment of the nursing way. Orem emphasizes that the technological rudiment “must be coordinated after a while interidentical and political pressures after a whilein nursing situations.
The nursing way in this copy has three separates. Chief is the duty, which collects postulates to enumerate the whole or affair that ask-fors to be addressed. The instant tramp is the peculiarity and figment of a nursing foresight sketch. The third and conclusive tramp of the nursing way is implementation and evaluation. The nurture sets the bloom foresight sketch into disturbance to coalesce the designs set by the resigned and his or her bloom foresight team, and, when high, evaluate the nursing foresight by interpreting the conclusions of the implementation of the sketch.