Postoperative Phase

Definition The postoperative phase of the surgical experience extends from the time the client is transferred to the recovery room or postanesthesia care unit (PACU) to the moment he or she is transported back to the surgical unit, discharged from the hospital until the follow-up care. Goals During the postoperative period, reestablishing the patient’s physiologic balance, pain […]

Intraoperative Phase

Definition The intraoperative phase extends from the time the client is admitted to the operating room, to the time of anesthesia administration, performance of the surgical procedure and until the client is transported to the recovery room or postanesthesia care unit (PACU). Throughout the surgical experience the nurse functions as the patient’s chief advocate. The nurse’s care […]

Legionnaire’s Disease

Definition Legionnaire’s Disease is an acute bronchopneumonia produced by gram-negative bacillus, Legionella pneumophila. It derives its name and notoriety from the peculiar and highly publicized disease that struck 182 (29 of whom died) at an American Legion convention in Philadelphia in July 1976. Etiology It is caused by Legionella pneumophilla, which is an aerobic, gram-negative […]

Acoustic Neuroma

Definition An acoustic neuroma is a benign (noncancerous) tumor on the eighth cranial nerve (vestibulocochlear) leading from the brainstem to the ear. This nerve is involved in hearing and maintaining equilibrium. Acoustic neuromas grow relatively slowly. Acoustic neuromas may occur sporadically, or in some cases occur as part of von Recklinghausen Neurofibromatosis, in which case the neuroma may […]

Acetaminophen Overdose

Definition Acetaminophen poisoning is an overdose of the over-the-counter (OTC) pain medication, acetaminophen (eg, Tylenol, Biogesic), which is usually safe when used as recommended. The maximum daily dose of acetaminophen is four (4) grams, but patients with chronic diseases (especially liver disease) may need to limit themselves to three (3) grams a day. Acetaminophen poisoning […]

Contact Dermatitis

Definition Contact dermatitis is an inflammatory reaction of the skin to physical, chemical, or biologic agents. It may be of the primary irritant type, or it may be allergic. The epidermis is damaged by repeated physical and chemical irritation. Common causes of irritant dermatitis are soaps, detergents, scouring compounds, and industrial chemicals. Predisposing factors include extremes of heat and […]

Buerger’s Disease

Definition Buerger’s disease (thromboangiitis obliterans) is a recurring inflammation of the intermediate and small arteries and veins of the lower and upper extremities. Description It results in thrombus formation and segmental occlusion of the vessels and is differentiated from other vessel diseases by its microscopic appearance. Buerger’s disease occurs most often in men between 20 and 35 years of age, and […]

Urolithiasis (Renal Calculi)

Description Urolithiasis refers to stones (calculi) in the urinary tract. Stones are formed in the urinary tract when the urinary concentration of substances such as calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, and uric acid increases. Stones vary in size from minute granular deposits to the size of an orange. Factors that favor formation of stones include infection, urinary stasis, and periods of […]

Status Asthmaticus

Definition Status asthmaticus is severe and persistent asthma that does not respond to conventional therapy; attacks can occur with little or no warning and can progress rapidly to asphyxiation. Infection, anxiety, nebulizer abuse, dehydration, increased adrenergic blockage, and nonspecific irritants may contribute to these episodes. An acute episode may be precipitated by hypersensitivity to aspirin. Two predominant pathologic problems […]

Brain Abscess

Introduction Brain Abscess, also known as intracranial abscess, is a collection of infectious material within the tissue of the brain. Nursing management and intervention of patients with brain abscess is to provide support to the patient’s medical treatment and teaching the patient and his family on what  to do when seizures attacks. Definition A brain abscess […]