Buy a Nursing essay from nursingessays.us

Left your Nursing Assignment to the last minute? Let a qualified expert do your Nursing essay for you and deliver it before your deadline!

9.8
Buy Nursing essay Papers
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

The Newborn

The family’s new apple of the eye is already out, and everybody can’t wait to cuddle and hold the little angel. Everyone is anxious about the health of the little one, so it is best to know the normal profile and activities of the newborn.

Profile of the Newborn

Newborns may look alike, but each has their own physical attributes and personalities. Some newborns are fat and short while some are long and thin. There are newborns who never give a fuss whenever they are changed or cuddled, but some can cry in high decibels whenever you lift them from their cradles.
  • The weight of newborns varies according to their race, genetics, and nutritional factors.
  • To determine if the newborn’s weight is appropriate for its gestational age, a neonatal graph should be used in plotting the newborn’s weight.
  • Plotting the height and head circumference of the newborn also helps determine any disproportions.
  • The average birth weight for a mature female newborn in the United States is 3.4kg or 7.5 lbs, and for the mature male newborn is 3.5 kg or 7.7 lbs.
  • For all races, the normal weight is 2.5 kg or 5.5 lbs.
  • The newborn loses 5% to 10% of its birth weight during the first few days of life, then has 1 day of stable weight, and gains weight rapidly afterward.
  • The newborn must gain 2 lbs per month for the first six months of life.
  • The average birth length of mature female newborns is 53 cm or 20.9 inches. The mature male newborn has an average birth length of 54 cm or 21.3 inches.
  • A mature newborn has a head circumference of 34 to 35 cm.
  • Head circumference is measured with a tape measure drawn across the center of the forehead and around the most prominent part of the posterior head.
  • The chest circumference in a mature newborn is 2 cm less than the head circumference.
  • Chest circumference is measured at the level of the nipple using a tape measure.

Vital Statistics

Parameter Average
Weight 6.5 to 7.5 lbs (2.9 kg to 3.4 kg)
Length 50 cm (20 in)
Head circumference 33 to 35 cm (13  to 13.7 in)
Chest circumference 31 to 33 cm or 2cm less than head circumference
Abdominal circumference 31 to 33 cm

Vital signs

Vital Sign Immediately At Birth After Birth
Temperature 36.5 to 37.2 Celsius
Pulse 180 beats/minute 120-140 beats/minute ave.
Respiration 80 breaths/minute 30-50 breaths/minute
Blood Pressure 80/46 mmHg 100/50 mmHg (by 10th day)

Adjustment to Extrauterine Life

  • The newborn’s color on the first 15 to 30 minutes of life is still acrocyanotic, and after 2 to 6 hours, there are quick color changes that may occur with movement or crying.
  • The temperature within the first 15 to 30 minutes after birth falls from the intrauterine temperature of 100.6⁰F or 38.1⁰C then stabilizes at 37.6⁰C after 2 to 6 hours.
  • The rapid heart rate of as much as 180 BPM on the first 15 to 30 minutes of life will have wide swings in rate with activity as it slows to 120-140 BPM.
  • The newborn’s respirations are irregular in the first few minutes of life, then slows to 30-60 breaths per minute after 30 minutes and will become irregular again only during activity.
  • The newborn would be alert in the first 15 to 30 minutes of life, and later on, will alternate between the sleeping and awakening phases.
  • Just a few minutes after birth, the newborn would respond to stimulation vigorously but would be difficult to arouse while it is still on a resting period until it becomes responsive again 2 to 6 hours after birth.
  • The bowel sounds can be heard after the first 15 minutes of life and becomes present afterward.

Appearance of the Newborn

  • Increased concentration of red blood cells in newborns, and decreased amount of subcutaneous fat gives them a ruddy complexion.
  • In the first month, this ruddy complexion slightly fades.
  • A pale and cyanotic newborn signifies that she may have poor central nervous system control.
  • A gray color in newborns may indicate infection.
  • Acrocyanosis is normal in a newborn, wherein the hands, feet, and lips are bluish in color.
  • Central cyanosis, however, is a cause for concern as this may indicate a decrease in oxygenation.
  • Jaundice appears on the second or third day of life as a result of the breakdown of fetal red blood cells.
  • Early feeding to speed the passage of feces through the intestine and prevent reabsorption of bilirubin from the bowel may diminish physiologic jaundice.
  • Pallor in newborns is a sign of anemia, and the newborn must be watched closely for signs of blood in the stool or vomitus.
  • Harlequin sign or when a newborn who is lying on his or her side appears red on the dependent side and pale on the upper side does not have a clinical significance.
  • Vernix caseosa or the white cream cheese-like substance is washed away in the first bath, but never rub harshly as it will only come off gradually.
  • Lanugo or the fine, downy hair that covers the shoulders, arms and back of the newborn would be rubbed away by the friction of the bedding and clothes of the newborn.
  • A white, pinpoint papule called milia can be found in some newborns, mainly on the cheek or the bridge of the nose, and they disappear by 2 to 4 weeks of age.
normal skull of newborn
  • The fontanelles or the spaces or openings where the skull bones join are soft spots on the newborn’s head.
    • The anterior fontanelle is located between the two parietal bones and the two frontal bones which gives it a diamond shape, and normally closes at 12 to 18 months of age.
    • The posterior fontanelle is located at the junction of the parietal bones and the occipital bone and is triangular in shape, and closes at the end of the second month.
  • Newborns cry tearlessly until three months of age when the lacrimal ducts mature.
  • Birthmarks
    • Hemangiomas are vascular tumors of the skin.
    • Nevus flammeus are muscular purple or dark red lesion. Generally appear on the face and thighs.
    • Strawberry hemangiomas—elevated areas formed by immature capillaries and endothelial cells.
    • Cavernous hemangiomas—these are dilated vascular spaces.
    • Mongolian spots—slate gray patches across the sacrum or buttocks and consist of a collection of pigment cells.
    • Forceps marks—these are circular or linear contusion matching the rim of the blade forceps on the infant’s cheeks.
  • Permanent eye color appears on the 3rd to 12th month of age.
  • The newborn’s external ear is not yet fully formed, and the top part of the external ear should be on a line drawn from the inner canthus to the outer canthus of the eye and back across the side of the head.
  • The newborn’s nose tends to look large for the face but the rest of the face will grow more than the nose does.
  • The newborn’s mouth must open evenly when he or she cries.

Practice Quiz: The Newborn

Exam Mode

In Exam Mode: All questions are shown in random and the results, answers and rationales (if any) will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz.

Practice Quiz: The Newborn

Congratulations - you have completed Practice Quiz: The Newborn. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.

Practice Mode

Practice Mode: This is an interactive version of the Text Mode. All questions are given in a single page and correct answers, rationales or explanations (if any) are immediately shown after you have selected an answer. No time limit for this exam.

Practice Quiz: The Newborn

Congratulations - you have completed Practice Quiz: The Newborn. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.

Text Mode

In Text Mode: All questions and answers are given for reading and answering at your own pace. You can also copy this exam and make a print out. Questions 1. How could you determine if the newborn’s weight is appropriate for its age? A. By weighing the newborn on a weighing scale. B. By plotting its weight on a neonatal graph. C. By weighing the newborn after 24 hours. D. By calculating the BMI of the newborn. 2. A few days after birth, the mother complained that the newborn lost weight. What should be the best action? A. Report the findings to the primary care provider. B. Assess the newborn for any anomalies or diseases. C. Assure the mother that this is normal. D. Instruct the mother to increase her feedings. 3. What is the condition wherein the newborn’s lips, hands, and feet are bluish in color? A. Acrocyanosis B. Central cyanosis C. Milia D. Harlequin sign 4. What should a mother do to the white, cream cheese-like substance that coats her baby? A. Have it examined by her primary care provider. B. Scrape or rub it off using a towel. C. Allow it to be gradually washed off. D. Remove it using baby oil. 5. When does the anterior fontanelle close? A. At the end of the third month B. At 12 to 18 months of age C. At the end of the second month D. At 15 to 24 months of age Answers and Rationale 1. Answer: B. By plotting its weight on a neonatal graph. A neonatal graph would show if the newborn’s weight is appropriate for its age. 2. Answer: C. Assure the mother that this is normal. A newborn loses 5% to 10% of its weight during the first few days of life. 3. Answer: A. Acrocyanosis  Acrocyanosis is a normal phenomenon where the newborn’s lips, hands, and feet are bluish in the first few minutes of life. 4. Answer: C. Allow it to be gradually washed off. The vernix caseosa is a lubricating substance that would gradually disappear with washing and bathing. 5. Answer: B. At 12 to 18 months of age When the newborn reaches 12 to 18 months of age, the anterior fontanelle should be closed.
The appearance of each newborn is unique in their own way, no matter how alike they seem to look. This is what makes them endearing to the people around them; their innocent personality and their tiny features would really make you love and care for them tenderly, whether you’re a family member or the healthcare provider.

Questions?

Ask our team

Want to contact us directly? No problem. We are always here for you.

Frequently Asked Buy a Nursing essay Questions

See all
Is your service confidential?

When you place an order with our company, we ask you to provide us with such personal information as your name, phone number, and email address. We need this data to keep you updated on the important things related to your order or account, and never share it with any third parties. We also don’t use your contact details for spamming you.

Please note that our support team may contact you using only the phone number(s) stated on our website, such +1 (248) 599-2414 and/+44 (151) 528-2636. In order to secure our mutual cooperation, please do not communicate with those who introduce themselves as essaypapers support staff and reach you from different phone numbers.

Also, remember that we never ask you to provide your credit card information via phone conversations. You should enter this information only on PayPal or Gate2Shop billing forms when making an online payment on our website. The essaypapers support administrator will send a confirmation letter to your personal order page when your payment is received.

We also use a secure encrypted connection and do not store your private data if we do not need it anymore. For more details about how we ensure your confidentiality, check our Privacy Policy, which completely complies with the GDPR.

We offer original model papers that can be used legally in a number of ways if properly referenced:

  • As a source of arguments or ideas for your own research
  • As a source of additional understanding of the subject
  • Direct citing

Nonetheless, check your college’s/university’s policies, including their definition of plagiarism and paraphrasing before using our services. Make conscious decisions in regards to your education.

How do I order a paper from essaypapers?

We take care not only of your academic success, but also of your experience with us. That’s why we have made the process of placing your order as easy and fast as possible—usually, it takes no more than 2-3 minutes.

Let’s have a closer look at the simple steps you need to go through for submitting your order:

Fill in the order form.

Be sure to include specific instructions regarding your paper and to upload any of the required materials. If you have any questions while specifying your paper’s information, just click on the info sign at the end of every field name and you will see a detailed tip on what exact information is required.

Proceed with the payment.

After you are through with the order form, you will need to make a payment via a preferable system. Right after that, you will be automatically provided with your personal order page where you can track your order’s progress, provide additional requirements, and send messages to your writer or support manager.

A personal writer is assigned to your order.

Our qualified staff will choose the most suitable writer whose skills and experience match your field of study and paper’s details. In case the writer must have any particular software or literature in order to get the Nursing Assignment done, please do not forget to mention this in your initial instructions.

Your paper is completed and delivered to your personal order page.

When the writer finishes your paper, it is delivered to your personal order page as a PDF document, available for preview only. You will be able to download an editable MS Word version of the order right after you click the “Approve” button in the “Files” tab of your personal order page. If any changes are to be applied to the paper, you are always welcome to request a free revision with a new deadline for the writer (be sure to check more information about this in our revision policy).

You can check how easy the process is by going to the order page and submitting your paper details right now.

Is there a money-back guarantee? If yes, how can I receive a refund?

You can get more details about possible types and terms of refunds on our official money-back guarantee page.

How will I receive a completed paper?

You will get the first version of your paper in a non-editable PDF format within the deadline. You are welcome to check it and inform us if any changes are needed. If everything is okay, and no amendments are necessary, you can approve the order and download the .doc file. If there are any issues you want to change, you can apply for a free revision and the writer will amend the paper according to your instructions.

If there happen to be any problems with downloading your paper, please contact our support team.

What if I’m not satisfied with my order?

If your paper needs some changes, you can apply for a free revision that is available for 7 days after your paper is approved. To use this option, you have a “Revision” button on your personal page.

After the 7-day period, you cannot apply for a free revision, though you still can use a paid revision option. The price of such a revision will differ depending on the number of amendments needed to be done. Please contact our support team to find out how we can help you with the amendments to your paper.

If you think our writer didn’t manage to follow your instructions, and as a result, your paper is of poor quality, please contact us and we will do our best to solve the problem.

If the revisions didn’t give the desired result, you can apply for a refund. Our dispute department will process your inquiry to find out what kind of refund we can give you. To find out more, please visit our money-back guarantee page.

How do I request a refund?

You can’t apply for a refund on certain stages of your order, like when the order is not finished by the writer yet.

When the paper is delivered, the “Refund” button on your personal order page becomes clickable.

On the relevant tab of your personal order page, you will also be able to choose the type of refund you’re demanding and the reason why you applying for it. As soon as you do that, our dispute department will start working on your inquiry. All kinds of refunds concerning the quality or the lateness of your paper should be requested within 14 days from the time the paper was delivered, as in 14 days your paper, will be automatically approved.

Your inquiry should be submitted by clicking the “Refund” button on your personal order page only.

Order your essay today and save 15% with the discount code NURSINGHELP